Missouri Ophthalmologists Caution Parents: Children at High Risk for Fireworks Eye Injuries
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. – June 21, 2012 – As the Fourth of July holiday nears, the Missouri Society of Eye Physicians and Surgeons and the American Academy of Ophthalmology are working together to urge Missouri residents to protect themselves and their children from fireworks eye injuries. Of the 9,000 fireworks-related injuries each year, 21 percent impact the eyes and more than half of the victims are young children or teenage.
Fireworks of all types, including sparklers, are dangerous. Sparklers typically burn at 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit and cause 27 percent of all fireworks injuries, including third-degree burns. Bottle rockets cause some of the most serious eye injuries. Errant bottle rockets can injure bystanders and cause eye lid lacerations, corneal abrasions, traumatic cataract, retinal detachment, optic nerve damage, rupture of the eyeball, eye muscle damage, and complete blindness. One in every six fireworks-related eye injuries results in permanent vision loss or blindness.
For thousands of families across the U.S., Independence Day celebrations have turned to nightmares when their children were hurt or even blinded by fireworks.
- A 6-year-old child lit an M-80 firework that he had found in his home. The explosion resulted in a traumatic injury and he called 911 for help. His eye injuries required an immediate cornea transplant and lens replacement, and he has undergone several additional eye surgeries since the incident.
- A 12-year-old boy did not fully unwrap the fuse of a fountain firework, making the fuse too short and causing it to explode almost immediately after being ignited. The firework blew up in his face, severely injuring the child’s eye.
- After a man lit smoke bombs that created colored smoke, his 4-year-old son leaned in to get a closer look. Tar from the smoke bomb wick shot into the boy’s eye, causing a corneal abrasion.
“Unfortunately, ophthalmologists see serious, blinding eye injuries on July Fourth each year because people forget that fireworks, while fun, are also dangerous,” said Nelson R. Sabates, M.D., president of the Missouri Society of Eye Physicians & Surgeons. “Children face the highest risk, so parents should diligently supervise their kids when fireworks are around.”
To prevent an eye injury from ruining Fourth of July celebrations, the American Academy of Ophthalmology urges Americans to follow these tips:
- Never let children play with fireworks of any type.
- View fireworks from at least 500 feet away.
- Leave the lighting of fireworks to trained professionals.
- Respect safety barriers set up to allow pyrotechnicians to do their jobs safely.
- If you find unexploded fireworks, do not touch them. Immediately contact your local fire or police departments.
If you experience an eye injury during a fireworks accident, seek immediate medical help from an ophthalmologist, an eye medical doctor. For more fireworks safety tips, visit www.geteyesmart.org.
About the Missouri Society of Eye Physicians & Surgeons
The mission of the Missouri Society of Eye Physicians & Surgeons (MoSEPS) is to represent Missouri ophthalmology by providing educational opportunities, legislative advocacy, and practice enhancement to members such that quality medical and surgical eye care is promoted for the citizens of Missouri. The members of the Missouri Society of Eye Physicians & Surgeons are dedicated to providing the best medical, surgical and routine eye care possible. As physicians, they pledge to serve as patient advocates both inside and outside the exam room. Nearly 500 ophthalmologists practice throughout the state of Missouri in more than 124 communities. Indeed, no citizen of the state is more than 45 minutes away from an EyeMD's services. Ophthalmologists provide comprehensive eye care to families, senior citizens and children. Many specialize in treating diseases such as glaucoma, retina disorders or cornea problems. Others focus their practice on pediatric patients or refractive surgery. Visit www.moseps.com to learn more.
About the American Academy of Ophthalmology
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is the world's largest association of eye physicians and surgeons - Eye M.D.s - with more than 32,000 members worldwide. Eye health care is provided by the three "O's" - ophthalmologists, optometrists, and opticians. It is the ophthalmologist, or Eye M.D., who can treat it all: eye diseases, infections and injuries, and perform eye surgery. For more information, visit www.aao.org. The American Academy of Ophthalmology's EyeSmart® program educates the public about the importance of eye health and empowers them to preserve their healthy vision. EyeSmart provides the most trustworthy and medically accurate information about eye diseases, conditions and injuries. OjosSanos™ is the Spanish-language version of the program. Visit www.geteyesmart.org or www.ojossanos.org to learn more.
 Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2010 Fireworks Annual Report, accessed at http://www.cpsc.gov/library/2010fwreport.pdf
 British Journal of Ophthalmology, Ocular firework trauma: a systematic review on incidence, severity, outcome and prevention, accessed at http://bjo.bmj.com.proxy1.library.jhu.edu/content/94/12/1586.full#ref-11